Are you an effective reader? Read to find out!

Characteristics of Effective and Less Effective Readers

EFFECTIVE READERS LESS EFFECTIVE READERS
Before Reading: Before Reading:
have goals in mind and know their purpose for reading do not know why they are reading
preview text—title, pictures, headings, drawings start reading without thinking about the topic
reflect (and often share) what they know about the topic do not preview the text
make predictions about the text do not make predictions
use various strategies that suit the text (fiction, nonfiction) read all text (e.g., fiction and nonfiction) the same way
may decide to read all, some, or none of the text do not think about how much they will read
During Reading: During Reading:
continue to reflect on the text, anticipate, and make predictions may not know whether or not they understand the text
confirm or correct predictions do not confirm or correct predictions
monitor comprehension do not monitor their own comprehension
use fix-up strategies when comprehension breaks down seldom use fix-up strategies
read selectively by deciding what to read carefully, quickly, what not to read, and what to reread often give up or read on without understanding meaning—the text is not revisited
use text structures and text features to support meaning may not use text structures and text features to support meaning
generate questions about text rarely generate questions about text
react intellectually and emotionally to text (reader response) frequently do not make personal connections to the text
After Reading: After Reading:
decide if goals were achieved do not know what they have read
reflect on how text matched or did not match predictions do not confirm or correct predictions
compare characters, incidents, content (nonfiction) to self, real life, and other books do not make personal connections
summarize major idea(s) do not summarize major ideas
may seek additional information do not seek additional information
react to text intellectually and/or emotionally (reader response) frequently do not react to text intellectually and/or emotionally
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